Sherwood 2015

Abstract Details

files Add files

Interchange turbulence driven NTM

Author: Magali Muraglia
Requested Type: Consider for Invited
Submitted: 2015-01-19 03:34:57

Co-authors: O. Agullo, A. Poyé, S. Benkadda, N. Dubuit, X. Garbet, A. Sen

Contact Info:
Aix-Marseille Université
Av. Escadrille Normandie-Nieme
Marseille, Marseille   13397

Abstract Text:
Magnetic reconnection can be problematic for tokamak plasmas: tearing modes (neoclassical or otherwise) grow slowly expelling energetic particles from the plasma core and possibly lead to disruption phenomena that can terminate the discharge and cause damage to the plasma facing components. However, the neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) are not associated to a linear instability (the so-called D0 parameter is negative) and require pre-existing seed islands to grow [1]. In experiments, precursors as sawtooth oscillations, fishbones instabilities or edge localized modes could appear before a NTM. These precursors are supposed to trigger the requested seed island. However, sometimes, a NTM can grow without any noticeable MHD event [2]. Thus, the question of the origin of the seed magnetic island is still an open question for fusion
reactor. Moreover, in tokamaks, macro-scale MHD instabilities (magnetic islands) coexist with micro-scale turbulent fluctuations and zonal flows [3], and some recent works have shown the microturbulence impact on the island dynamics [4, 5]. In [4], 2D nonlinear simulations show that the nonlinear beating of the fastest growing small-scale interchange modes on a given rational surface drives a magnetic island located on the same surface. Here, we show that such turbulent driven seed island can be amplified by the current bootstrap leading to a self-consistent generation of a NTM. Moreover, such turbulence driven NTM presents a significant signature : the pressure flattening inside the island is partial, i.e. the pressure gradient inside the island is
finite and constant in space and in time.
[1] R.J. La Haye and O. Sauter, Nucl. Fusion, 38, 7 (1998)
[2] A. Isayama et al, J. Plasma Fusion Res., 8, 1402013 (2013)
[3] B.J. Ding et al, Plasm. Phys. Control. Fusion, 46, 1467 (2004)
[4] M. Muraglia et al, Phys. Rev. Lett., 107, 095003 (2011)
[5] A. Ishizawa et al, Nucl. Fusion, 53, 053007 (2013)


March 16-18, 2015
The Courant Institute, New York University